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caen,votes et sondages- normandie communaute de noctambules
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VOTRE AVIS NOUS INTERESSE

Pour ou contre la réunification des 2 normandies, venez voter et laisser vos commentaires à ce sujet.

Faisant suite au décret du 30 juin 1955 qui créait les régions de programme, celui du 2 juin 1960 divise la France en circonscriptions d’action régionale. Parmi celles-ci, une Haute Normandie (Seine-Maritime et Eure) et une Basse Normandie (Calvados, Manche et Orne).

conseil_r__gional_de_basse_normandie.jpg (Conseil régional de Basse-Normandie)

Foin des arguments historiques qui auraient pu conduire à ne faire de la Normandie qu’une région. Les considérations géographiques et économiques l’ont emporté. Pour les auteurs technocrates de cette décision, les problèmes à résoudre (l’esprit du décret de 1955 est de promouvoir l’expansion économique et sociale dans chaque région, notamment dans celles qui souffrent de sous-emploi) sont très différents dans chacune des deux régions. D’un côté, une Basse Normandie, pays en grande partie bocager soudé au massif Armoricain, comptant alors deux fois plus d’agriculteurs et deux fois moins d’ouvriers que la Haute Normandie. De l’autre, une Haute Normandie à la densité de population plus élevée, prolongeant la région parisienne et constituant son évident débouché sur la mer avec l’axe de la Seine. Dans cet esprit, l’aménagement portuaire de la Basse-Seine (le Havre avec un trafic de 27 millions de tonnes mais aussi Rouen avec 10 millions de tonnes) doit faire l’objet d’un plan régional particulier : “tout hiatus dans le développement simultané de la région Basse-Seine et du complexe parisien entraverait les relations que Paris doit intimement conserver et développer, dans son intérêt propre et dans l’intérêt national, avec les marchés étrangers et affaiblirait, par voie de consèquence la région Normande elle même.” Avec le recul, ces considérations paraîssent plus volontaristes et théoriques que réalistes mais, à cette date, la crise économique, qui, de 1975 à 1985, fera passer le nombre des chômeurs de 23 000 à 89 000 en Haute Normandie et de 17 000 à 60 000 en Basse Normandie, ne sévit pas encore. Et la Basse Normandie dans tout cela ? Certes, elle est invitée à s’associer à la politique d’aménagement de l’estuaire de la Seine, mais comment envisage-t-on alors son propre développement ? Elle a perdu 500 000 habitants au cours du XIXème et s’est mal adaptée à la révolution industrielle. Elle se sent isolée, y compris dans ses infrastructures routières (l’A13, à l’époque, n’atteint pas encore Rouen).

Rouen.jpg Vue de la ville de Rouen

C’est aussi une région qui ne compte plus alors qu’un agriculteur sur 10 actifs, alors qu’à la fin de la guerre elle en comptait 1 sur 2. Mais de subtils géographes, à l’esprit bien normand, de se demander alors, et aujourd’hui encore, s’il n’y aurait pas enfait trois Normandies : une Normadie occidentale, plus rurale et agricole, une Normandie centrale, dominée par l’agglomération caennaise, mieux équilibrée entre population rurale et population urbaine et aux activités plus diversifiées, enfin une Normandie orientale, sur l’axe urbanisé et industrialisé de la Seine. Quant aux Manchois, prétendre les loger dans une Normandie occidentale les fait sourire, car c’est ignorer, selon eux, le principal, à savoir qu’il y a non pas une mais trois Manches : celle du sud, celle du centre et celle du nord - des régions qui n’ont rien mais alors vraiment rien, à voir ensemble.

Fait-il bon vivre à Caen, pourquoi y résidez-vous ? Votez à notre sondage et laissez vos commentaires.








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