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le château ducal de Caen- castle history communaute de noctambules
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L’OEUVRE DE GUILLAUME LE CONQUERANT

chateau_caen1.jpg La ville de Caen possède un magnifique patrimoine mis en valeur avec pour fleuron, le superbe chateau ducal. Ce joyau est la plus grande forteresse d’Europe avec une enceinte qui protège un espace de presque 6 hectares ! C’est vers 1060 que Guillaume le Conquerant entreprend de faire ériger cette forteresse pour en faire sa résidence principale. En se promenant sur ses remparts, de belles vues s’offrent sur la ville et l’église St-Pierre.

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L’histoire du château de Caen commence donc en 1060 sous le règne de Guillaume le conquérant. Son fils Henri Ier Beauclerc fit édifier l’église St georges, un donjon et une grande salle pour la cour ducale, l’Echiquier. Plus tard, le roi de france Philippe Auguste renforce les fortifications du château. A la révolution le donjon fût détruit. Abritant des casernes Allemandes, le château est bombardé par les Alliés en 1944. Aprés guerre un archéologue de la ville entreprend des fouilles dans l’enceinte du château pour faire réapparaître les traces médiévales. A la fin des années 60 est installé le musée des beaux-arts qui ouvrira ses portes en 1971. Depuis mars 2004, la municipalité de Caen a entrepris la restauration des remparts, ces travaux seront achevés en 2008. Coût total de l’opération, 1.15 million d’Euros.

Le château Ducal

Le palais ducal était composé d’une salle (aula), d’une chapelle (capella) et d’appartements privés (camerae). Des services devaient completer cet ensemble: une cuisine, une paneterie, une laiterie, une buanderie. L’élément principal de la résidence ducale à Caen était la salle. Le bâtiment mesurait 16 m de long par 8 m de large à l’intérieur avec des murs épais d’environ 0,80m. Le rez de chaussée était en terre battue et possédait, au nord, une cheminée murale- sans doute l’une des plus anciennes connues pour cette époque- , elle était comprise dans le mur qui était renforcé à l’extérieur d’un gros massif de maçonnerie trés saillant, l’âtre s’étendait largement dans la pièce le contre-coeur était en forme de croissant. A quelques mètres au sud de l’aula, à la perpendiculaire de celle-ci, se trouvait la chapelle palatine Saint-Georges orientée S.E-N.O, à ne pas confondre avec l’église paroissiale Saint-Georges, située également dans le château. Elle paraît avoir eu un chevet plat et ses murs avoir été percés plus tard de fenêtres gothiques et renforcés de contreforts de la même période.

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Eglise St-georges

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