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Ultimate communaute de noctambules
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DECOUVREZ L’ULTIMATE EN COLLABORATION AVEC NORMANDIX.FREE.FR

ultimate14.JPG

L’ULTIMATE

L’ultimate est un sport collectif qui se joue à 7 contre 7, sur un terrain de 110m X 37m en extérieur, ou à 5 contre 5 en intérieur sur un terrain de hand-ball. L’engin utilisé pour marquer est le Frisbee. Le but du jeu est de parvenir à faire une passe à un partenaire qui se trouve dans la zone d’en-but. L’objectif est de marquer des points en progressant sur le terrain par passes successives vers la zone d’en-but adverse et d’y réceptionner le disque de 175g. L’Ultimate se pratique officiellement sur terrain en herbe. Les règles sont légèrement aménagées lorsque on souhaite le pratiquer en gymnase ou sur plage.

Naissance de l’ultimate

C’est aux Etats-Unis qu’est apparu ce sport. En 1946, un jeune Américain remarque que les étudiants de son campus jouent avec des moules à gâteau en aluminium (fabriqués par la “Frisbie Pie Company”). Il va profiter de l’apparition de la matière plastique pour mettre au point le disque volant. En 1957, la firme de jouets “Wham’o” rachète le brevet d’utilisation de cette étonnante découverte et met sur le marché le “frisbee”. Le succès de l’ultimate est immédiat aux Etats-Unis. A l’époque, il se joue uniquement en salle et sur gazon. En 1967 naît le premier règlement officiel de ce sport.

Règlements

L’engagement
Au début du jeu et après chaque point marqué les équipes se tiennent sur leur ligne de but. L’équipe qui a marqué le dernier point lance le disque. L’autre équipe prend possession du disque là où il atterrit et devient alors l’équipe attaquante.
Score
Un point est marqué quand l’équipe offensive attrape le disque dans la zone d’en-but de l’équipe adverse. Le point n’est valable que si c’est un joueur de l’équipe offensive qui a lancé le disque.
En jeu et hors limites
Un disque est en jeu quand il est attrapé dans le terrain. Les lignes de touche et de fond sont hors limites. Pour marquer un point, un joueur attaquant doit donc attraper le disque dans la zone d’en-but, sans toucher une des lignes.
Jouer le disque
Un joueur en possession du disque peut le jouer dans n’importe quelle direction. Il doit le faire dans les dix secondes ; un défenseur se tient devant lui et compte jusqu’à dix. Le joueur en possession du disque ne doit pas marcher, mais peut établir un pied pivot.
Changement de possession du disque
L’équipe qui défend prend possession du disque quand le lancer d’un joueur de l’attaque est intercepté. Par exemple le disque a touché le sol, est intercepté ou attrapé en dehors du terrain. L’équipe qui défendait devient maintenant l’équipe attaquante.
Remplacement des joueurs
Après chaque point les équipes peuvent remplacer autant de joueurs qu’elles le souhaitent.
Sport sans contacts
L’ultimate est un sport sans contacts. Les contacts physiques ne sont pas autorisés.
Fautes
Quand une faute est constatée un des joueurs appelle “FAUTE”. Tous les joueurs s’arrêtent immédiatement et le jeu est stoppé (gelé!). Le but est de reprendre le jeu comme si la faute n’avait pas eu lieu. Quand les joueurs ne peuvent se mettre d’accord le disque retourne au dernier lanceur et le jeu reprend de là.
Pas d’arbitre
Le fair play est un aspect important de tous les sports de disque. Comme les autres sports, l’ultimate se joue sans arbitre. Les joueurs sont eux-mêmes responsables du bon déroulement du jeu.

Beach Ultimate à Ouistreham - (Remerciements Crédits Photos Normandix.free.fr)

ultimate5.JPGultimate6.JPGultimate9.JPGultimate10.JPGultimate7.JPGultimate8.JPG

Manipulation du disque

Elle ne pose généralement pas de problème, même à partir de sept ou huit ans. Il suffit d’adapter la longueur de la passe à sa force (et donc la taille du terrain). Au début, le disque vacille un peu, et les passes sont molles. Mais très vite, les enfants prennent de l’assurance et du plaisir. Le disque permet de varier les supports d’activités (généralement la balle ou le ballon).

Matériel et terrain

Un disque pour deux personnes est conseillé. N’importe quel terrain peut être utilisé, même une cour d’école recouverte de macadam (ce n’est pas l’idéal, car le goudron prive du plaisir des glissades et du plongeon). Il suffit de définir deux lignes de but, dont la distance augmentera en fonction des progrès du lancer. Il est inutile, au début, de prévoir des limites latérales. La mise en place de l’activité est donc très rapide. Pour les plus jeunes, le changement de côté peut poser des problèmes. On peut envisager de placer un chiffon de couleur sur un piquet pour indiquer la zone de but de chaque équipe.

Pour en savoir plus sur ce sport, je vous conseille de vous rendre sur le site des sports de Frisbee de Caen.

SITE INTERNET: SITE DES SPORTS DE FRISBEE DE CAEN

SPORTS DE FRISBEE
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Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/10/d212871047/htdocs/wp-content/plugins/math-comment-spam-protection/math-comment-spam-protection.classes.php on line 77

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