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Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Page::start_el() should be compatible with Walker::start_el($output) in /homepages/10/d212871047/htdocs/wp-includes/classes.php on line 537

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Page::end_el() should be compatible with Walker::end_el($output) in /homepages/10/d212871047/htdocs/wp-includes/classes.php on line 537

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_PageDropdown::start_el() should be compatible with Walker::start_el($output) in /homepages/10/d212871047/htdocs/wp-includes/classes.php on line 556

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Category::start_lvl() should be compatible with Walker::start_lvl($output) in /homepages/10/d212871047/htdocs/wp-includes/classes.php on line 653

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Category::end_lvl() should be compatible with Walker::end_lvl($output) in /homepages/10/d212871047/htdocs/wp-includes/classes.php on line 653

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Category::start_el() should be compatible with Walker::start_el($output) in /homepages/10/d212871047/htdocs/wp-includes/classes.php on line 653

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Category::end_el() should be compatible with Walker::end_el($output) in /homepages/10/d212871047/htdocs/wp-includes/classes.php on line 653

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_CategoryDropdown::start_el() should be compatible with Walker::start_el($output) in /homepages/10/d212871047/htdocs/wp-includes/classes.php on line 678

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /homepages/10/d212871047/htdocs/wp-includes/query.php on line 21

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lycees, colleges, publics, privés- caen communaute de noctambules
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Strict Standards: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/10/d212871047/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 14

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Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/10/d212871047/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 25

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/10/d212871047/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 27

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/10/d212871047/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 28

Strict Standards: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/10/d212871047/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 14

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/10/d212871047/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 23

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/10/d212871047/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 25

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/10/d212871047/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 27

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/10/d212871047/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 28

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TOUS LES ETABLISSEMENTS PRIVES ET PUBLICS

ENSEIGNEMENT

COLLEGES PRIVES
COLLEGES PUBLICS
LYCEES PRIVES
LYCEES PUBLICS
LYCEES TECHNIQUES PRIVES

Enseignement ou Éducation
Il est souvent facile de confondre enseignement et éducation. En effet, ce dernier terme, beaucoup plus général, correspond à la formation globale d’un individu, à divers niveaux (au niveau religieux, moral, social, technique, scientifique, médical, etc.). Le terme enseignement, de son côté, se réfère plutôt à un mode d’éducation bien précis, soit celui du développement des connaissances des élèves à l’aide de signes (la transmission des connaissances est en soi impossible, on ne transmet pas de connaissances). « Signes » et « enseignement » dérivent d’ailleurs de la même racine latine. Ces signes utilisés pour permettre l’acquisition de connaissances font référence au langage parlé et écrit.

Ainsi, l’enseignement est un mode d’éducation bien spécifique que l’on retrouve dans nos écoles modernes où un maître, devant et/ou avec un groupe d’élèves, transmet verbalement et/ou activement (souvent appuyé par des documents écrits, des mises en situation…) un ensemble de savoirs. L’apprentissage effectué dans des ateliers ou dans des laboratoires où les élèves, guidés par un maître, apprennent de leurs essais et erreurs, n’est donc pas, à proprement parler, de l’enseignement. Dans ce cas, on pourrait aussi employer le terme de formation.

Enseigner est donc éduquer, mais éduquer n’est pas forcément enseigner.

La notion d’erreur est fondamentale. Pour l’enseignant, l’enseigné ne doit pas faire d’erreurs, ou en faire le moins possible pour être le meilleur. Meilleures sont les notes, meilleur est le placement dans la hiérarchie sociale…

On peut aussi considérer que le tâtonnement et donc l’erreur est un moyen d’enseignement, le rôle de l’enseignant étant dans ce cas de veiller à ce que l’élève ne stagne pas dans cette démarche. Tout dépend de la manière dont on considère l’apprenant : comme un récipient à remplir ou comme un individu capable de penser et d’agir par lui-même. Dans le premier cas, l’enseignement ne fonctionne que dans le sens enseignant-enseigné; dans le second cas, il fonctionne dans les deux sens.

Il faut aussi souligner l’importance des moyens accordés à l’enseignement : il y a un écart énorme entre l’enseignement frontal qui a lieu dans les universités, quand un adulte s’occupe pendant une heure de 500 étudiants, et l’enseignement qui a lieu dans les écoles, où plus l’enfant est petit, plus le nombre d’adultes pour s’occuper de lui est important. Sans remettre en question la nécessité d’un nombre important d’adultes pour s’occuper des plus jeunes, on pourrait considérer que le nombre de personnel d’encadrement devrait être fonction du niveau atteint par l’élève. Sans tomber dans le piège des classes en retard, une valorisation, au sein de groupes mixtes, des élèves dont le niveau est élevé, en tant que personne-relais de l’enseignant ou personne ressource du groupe, pourrait permettre de pallier le manque de moyens financiers et donc humains. N’oublions pas de valoriser aussi les élèves en difficulté afin de leur permettre de reprendre confiance en eux, et de leur montrer que leur place n’est pas forcément celle de déchets de la société à recycler dans des impasses sans issue ou dans les filières de mouchoirs jettables du système de production.

Pédagogie différenciée, tutorat… Ces concepts pourraient permettre à l’enseignement de survivre dans des contextes difficiles, mais aussi de transmettre aux élèves des valeurs fondamentales comme la coopération, la fraternité, la morale, les vertus… Encore faut-il que les enseignants croient en l’École comme ascenseur social de masse… Malheureusement, en France, cette croyance (laquelle ?) a la vie dure. Les besoins économiques de main d’œuvre y sont pour beaucoup, la difficile mise en œuvre de la pédagogie différenciée aussi.

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Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/10/d212871047/htdocs/wp-content/plugins/math-comment-spam-protection/math-comment-spam-protection.classes.php on line 77

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/10/d212871047/htdocs/wp-content/plugins/math-comment-spam-protection/math-comment-spam-protection.classes.php on line 163